Learn more about the Boulder brain coral – with amazing Boulder brain coral photos and facts on Arkive. Hoeksema, B. W.; Cairns, S. (). World List of Scleractinia. Colpophyllia natans (Houttuyn, ). Accessed through: World Register of Marine Species at: . Colpophyllia natans. (Houttuyn, ). Colonies are large and hemispherical or encrusting. Valleys are usually long and sinuous but may become short, with.

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Although the boulder brain coral is currently widespread and relatively common natanss its range, it is likely to be facing a number of threats 1.

The colpophyloia shape, size, and slow growth of the boulder brain coral allows it more easily to survive conditions to which smaller and more fragile corals, such as the plate-like lettuce coral Agaricia agaricitessuccumb.

Coral Reef Information System. Colony shape may occasionally be flat-topped discs, particularly when younger. Other hosted diseases include white plague types I and Hatans, dark spotand skeletal anomalies, such as tumours and galls.

With an estimated 20 percent of coral reefs already lost worldwide 17and around a third of reef-building corals threatened with extinction 16the conservation of these vital ecosystems is now urgent.

This coral inhabits relatively shallow reef environments at depths of up to 55 metres 1 3 4 7.


Hermaphrodite Possessing colpophy,lia male and female sex organs. Colpophyllia Milne-Edwards and Haime Houttuyn gave the species name as Madrepora natanswhich was later included in the genus Colpophylliaby Henri Milne-Edwards and Jules Haime Coral Reef Evaluation and Monitoring Project.

Emperor angelfish Pomacanthus imperator. Recommended measures for protecting this and other coral species include further research and monitoring, colpophy,lia expansion of protected areas, building awareness, disease research and efforts to tackle global climate change 1 8 Share on Facebook Tweet Send email.

Coastal Ecosystems Colpophy,lia Volume 1. It is characterised by large, domed colonies, which may colpophyolia up to two metres across, and by the meandering network of ridges and valleys on its surface.


Also known as giant brain coral, large grooved brain coral, large-grooved brain coral. Although generally considered to be the only species in the genus Colpophylliasome colonies of the boulder brain coral possess short valleys containing only one to three polyps 3and batans considered by some to be a separate species, Colpophyllia breviserialis closed-valley brain coral 4 5.

Generally, the colonies form large rounded domes of up to 2 m in diameter, but also large rounded plates can be formed. This species is featured in: Its valleys may extend the entire width of colonies, or be subdivided into shorter series.

This species is affected by global climate change. A synonym of C. Image credit Link to this image Add to scrapbook How you can use this image.

The boulder brain coral generally has long, wide valleys, up to two centimetres across, and wide ridges, which have a fine but distinct groove along the top 3 4 5 6.

AfricachimpanzeeconservationfilmIn the Fieldlab chimpsLiberiaPrimatesprimatologyrehabilitationtrue storywildlifewildlife filmWildscreen Festival. Larvae are typically very different in appearance to adults; they are able to feed and move around but usually are unable to reproduce. The columella is discontinuous cplpophyllia thin, less than a quarter of the valley width. It is one of the Caribbean corals most afflicted by black band diseaseand along with Montastraea spp.

Colpophyllia natans is a hermaphroditic broadcast spawner, releasing large numbers of gametes synchronously to aid fertilisation.

Category:Colpophyllia natans – Wikimedia Commons

Elevated water temperatures in the Caribbean in naans caused mass coral bleaching, in which the stressed corals expel their zooxanthellae, often leading to death. Photosynthesis Metabolic process characteristic of plants in which carbon dioxide is broken down, using energy from sunlight absorbed by the green pigment chlorophyll. The role of history”. Boulder brain coral biology The boulder brain coral is a zooxanthellate coral, meaning that it has symbiotic algaeknown as zooxanthellae, living within its tissues.


A guide to Caribbean corals, octocorals and sponges. Its very large, domed colonies commonly develop into remarkably regular hemispheres.

Freckled guitarfish Rhinobatos lentiginosus. Houghton Mifflin Company, New York.

WoRMS – World Register of Marine Species – Colpophyllia natans (Houttuyn, )

The term is now usually used only for associations that benefit both organisms a mutualism. It is also capable of sexual reproduction, releasing eggs and sperm into the water for external fertilisation 3. Photo 1 of Advanced Aquarist’s Online Magazine. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Following fertilisation, the zygote becomes a microscopic larva called a planulawhich, upon swimming to suitable substrate, will anchor and establish a new colony.

Individuals in the group are not physiologically connected and may not be related, such as a colony of birds. X Close Image credit.

To learn about climate change and the species that are affected, visit our climate change pages. The valleys are long, wide and meandering, containing several polyps. Anthothelidae Erythropodium caribaeorum Antipatharia Antipathes caribbeana Antipathes pennacea Briareidae Briareum asbestinum Briareum species 1 Corallimorphs Ricordea florida General Views Mixed Communities Gorgoniidae Gorgonia flabellum Gorgonia mariae Gorgonia ventalina Iciligorgia schrammi Pseudopterogorgia acerosa Pseudopterogorgia americana Pseudopterogorgia bipinnata Pseudopterogorgia elisabethae Pseudopterogorgia rigida Pterogorgia anceps Pterogorgia citrina Pterogorgia guadalupensis Hydroida Dentitheca dendritica Plexauridae Eunicea calyculata Eunicea laciniata Eunicea laxispica Eunicea mammosa Eunicea pallida Eunicea palmeri Eunicea species 1 Eunicea succinea Eunicea tourneforti Muriceopsis bayeriana Muriceopsis flavida Plexaura flexuosa Plexaura homomalla Plexaurella species Plexaurella dichotoma Plexaurella grisea Plexaurella nutans Pseudoplexaura crucis Pseudoplexaura flagellosa Pseudoplexaura porosa Zoanthidae Palythoa caribbaeorum.

Marine Species Identification Portal. Smaller colonies may be flat-topped discs. Which species are on the road to recovery? There is a sharp break between the wall and the valley floor.

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